February/March 2017

“This research opens the door to be able to identify those needing intervention during the first year of life, before the full emergence of autism. Delivering early intervention offers hope that we can blunt the development of autism and set the stage to dramatically improve long-term outcomes.”- Robert Schultz, PhD, Director, Center for Autism Research

Brain Biomarkers May Be Useful for Early Diagnosis of Autism

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A gaze into your eyes. A smile back. A gurgle and babble. These are treasured moments between parents and their babies. Yet, for families with a high familial risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), these precious moments may be elusive. Researchers have long suspected that …

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Peanut Power: New Guidelines Encourage Early Introduction of Peanuts Into Diets

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Parents have feared peanut-containing foods for many years and excluded them from their infants’ diets, but new guidelines say it’s time to make friends once again with our favorite lowly legume. Yes, it’s true — peanuts are not nuts, after all. Now that we’ve completely …

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Oligodendrocytes Yield New Insights for Myelin Repair in Multiple Sclerosis

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Cells with a funny name called oligodendrocytes make myelin in your central nervous system, which includes your brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves. “Oligo” means “small.” “Dendros” are “branches” that come out of a cell. And “cytes” are “cells.” So oligodendrocytes are very small cells …

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CHOP Named Rett Syndrome Clinical Research Center of Excellence

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Although they aren’t able to talk, girls with Rett syndrome have 14 Rett Syndrome Clinical Research Centers of Excellence who are speaking up for them by accelerating research through a natural history study and other projects aimed at improving care and finding a cure. One …

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Ring Chromosome Study to Address Neurodevelopment and DNA Looping

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Picture a human chromosome. Chances are, the image in your mind looks like a tiny rod in the shape of a letter “I” cinched in at the waist. Or, if you are picturing a chromosome in the process of copying itself for cell division, it …

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Kassa Darge, MD, PhD, Expands What Ultrasound Contrast Agents Can Do

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The Food and Drug Administration’s latest approval of a contrast agent for use in ultrasonography of the urinary tract in pediatric patients marks the end of an important chapter in the career of Kassa Darge, MD, PhD. A new one, though, has just begun. In …

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Powering Up Mitochondria Could Boost Military and Civilian Health

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For a month in 1962, India and China fought a war in the Himalayan highlands. In the high-altitude, frigid conditions, physical endurance was at least as much of a threat to the soldiers on each side as the opposing army. Perhaps one reason that China …

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Philadelphia Coalition for a Cure: Re-defining Cancer Research Through Collaboration

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The newly launched Philadelphia Coalition for a Cure (PC4C) received a warm welcome at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia in honor of World Cancer Day. Five regional cancer academic treatment centers and two pediatric hospitals met hospitals met Feb. 3 to announce the collaboration that is …

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